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Health Library A to Z

D

  • Baby's Care in the Delivery Room
  • A newborn baby is wet from the amniotic fluid and can easily become cold. Drying the baby and using warm blankets and heat lamps can help prevent heat loss. Often a knitted hat is placed on the baby's head.

  • Delayed Puberty
  • Detailed information on delayed puberty, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Dental Emergencies
  • One type of dental emergency is a knocked-out tooth. If it's a permanent tooth, rinse it and place it back in the socket. Then immediately take your child to the dentist.

  • Dental Health Overview
  • Generally, dental examinations and cleanings are recommended every six months for children. Encourage good oral hygiene at home by helping your child brush his or her own teeth.

  • Dental Procedures for Children
  • Detailed information on the most common dental procedures, including braces, bleaching, bridges, dentures, dental implants, fillings, root canal, sealants, and wisdom teeth extraction

  • Depressed Kids Need Help
  • Teen depression is a serious illness. The benefits of getting help, including taking medications if needed, far outweigh the potential risks.

  • Dermatitis in Children
  • Detailed information on dermatitis, including the different types of dermatitis such as atopic dermatitis (eczema), contact dermatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis, generalized exfoliative dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, localized scratch dermatitis, nummular dermatitis, perioral dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis

  • Dermoid Cyst
  • Detailed information on dermoid cyst, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Diabetes Index
  • Detailed information on diabetes, including type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, teens and diabetes, and diet and diabetes

  • Dialysis
  • Detailed information on dialysis, including peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis

  • Diaper Dermatitis
  • Detailed information on diaper dermatitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Diapers/Diaper Rash
  • You have two choices in diapers—cloth or disposable, and each type has advantages. You must decide which works best for your child and family.

  • Diaphragmatic Hernia
  • A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect in which an opening is present in the diaphragm. Some of the organs that are normally found in the abdomen move up into the chest cavity through this abnormal opening.

  • Diarrhea in Children
  • Diarrhea is defined either as watery stool or increased frequency of stool—or both—when compared with a normal amount. It is a common problem that may last a few days and disappear on its own.

  • Diet and Diabetes
  • It is important to learn about proper meal-planning when your child has diabetes. The type and amount of food your child eats affects his/her blood sugar levels.

  • Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP)
  • Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus are serious illnesses. A combination vaccine is given to babies and children to provide protection against all three diseases.

  • Discharge from the Hospital
  • Even after minor surgery, some children will remain in the hospital overnight for observation and to receive medications to help with pain or to prevent infection.

  • Discipline
  • Detailed information on disciplining a child, including information on time-out, temper tantrum, lying, stealing, and television and children

  • Discussing Death with Children
  • The ultimate goal in discussing death with a dying child is to optimize his or her comfort and alleviate any fears. If the child is not ready to discuss death, the most helpful step parents can take is to wait until he or she is ready.

  • Dislocations
  • A dislocation occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing the ends of two connected bones to separate. Ligaments are flexible bands of fibrous tissue that connect various bones and cartilage.

  • Disorders Affecting Calcium Metabolism
  • Detailed information on disorders affecting calcium metabolism, including juvenile osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, and DiGeorge syndrome

  • Disorders Affecting the Adrenal Glands
  • Detailed information on disorders affecting the adrenal glands, including underactive adrenal glands (Addison's disease), overactive adrenal glands (Cushing's syndrome), and pheochromocytoma

  • Disorders Affecting the Thyroid
  • Detailed information on disorders affecting the thyroid gland, including hyperthyroidism (Graves disease) and hypothyroidism

  • Do Parents Influence Their Kids’ Health Behaviors?
  • Parents who take their child to the doctor frequently, let their child stay home from school, or pamper them with special attention when they are sick tend to produce kids who, as adults, go to the doctor frequently, stay home from work, and take longer to recover from illness.

  • Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21)
  • Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that includes a combination of birth defects, including some degree of mental retardation, characteristic facial features and, often, heart defects.

  • Drug Rashes in Children
  • Detailed information on different types of drug rashes, including acne, exfoliative dermatitis, fixed drug eruption, hives, morbilliform/maculopapular rash, purpuric eruptions, Stevens-Johnson syndrome

  • During an Asthma Attack
  • Your child's breathing will become harder and may hurt. You may hear a wheezing or whistling sound, which is typical of asthma.

  • Dust Mites
  • Detailed information on dust mite allergens

  • Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents
  • Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition marked by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain. Dysmenorrhea can be either lifelong or caused by another medical condition.

  • Dysphagia
  • Detailed information on dysphagia, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • General Principles of Discipline
  • Most children need to be given consistent, clear rules and expectations about behavior. Discipline needs to begin as soon as the child is mobile—pulling up and crawling.

  • Juvenile Dermatomyositis
  • Detailed information on juvenile dermatomyositis, including causes, symptoms, phases, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone.

  • Teens and Diabetes
  • During adolescence, blood sugar levels become harder to control, resulting in levels that swing from too low to too high.

  • Type 2 Diabetes in Children
  • Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to produce enough, or to properly use, insulin.