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Hormones During Pregnancy

What is the role of hormones during pregnancy?

Many hormone levels are affected in the body during pregnancy, with several hormones playing major roles during pregnancy. These include:

  • Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG). This hormone is only produced during pregnancy---almost exclusively in the placenta. HCG hormone levels found in maternal blood and urine increase dramatically during the first trimester and may contribute to causing nausea and vomiting often associated with pregnancy.

  • Human placental lactogen (hPL). This hormone, produced by the placenta, helps in the process of providing nutrition for the fetus and plays a role in stimulating milk glands in the breasts in anticipation of breastfeeding.

  • Estrogen. This group of hormones is responsible for the development of the female sexual characteristics. Normally formed in the ovaries, estrogen is also produced by the placenta during pregnancy to help maintain a healthy pregnancy.

  • Progesterone. This hormone is produced by the ovaries and by the placenta during pregnancy. Progesterone stimulates the thickening of the uterine lining in anticipation of implantation of a fertilized egg.

Reviewed Date: 05-27-2013

Hormonas durante el Embarazo

This content was reviewed by Mid-Atlantic Womens Care, PLC. Please visit their site to find an Mid-Atlantic Womens Care obstetrician.

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Mid-Atlantic Womens's Care

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.