Jump to:  A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

What is transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN)?

Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a term for a mild respiratory problem of babies that begins after birth and lasts about three days:

  • "Transient" means temporary

  • "Tachypnea" means fast breathing rate

What causes transient tachypnea of the newborn?

It is thought that slow absorption of the fluid in the fetal lungs causes TTN. This fluid makes taking in oxygen harder and the baby breathes faster to compensate.

Who is affected by transient tachypnea of the newborn?

Only a small percentage of all newborns develop TTN. Although premature babies can have TTN, most babies with this problem are full-term. The condition may be more likely to develop in babies delivered by cesarean section because the fluid in the lungs does not get squeezed out as in a vaginal birth.

What are the symptoms of transient tachypnea of the newborn?

The following are the most common symptoms of transient tachypnea of the newborn. However, each baby may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Rapid breathing rate (over 60 breaths per minute)

  • Grunting sounds with breathing

  • Flaring of the nostrils

  • Retractions (pulling in at the ribs with breathing)

The symptoms of TTN may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your baby's doctor for a diagnosis.

How is transient tachypnea of the newborn diagnosed?

Chest X-rays are often used to help diagnose TTN. On X-ray, the lungs show a streaked appearance and appear overinflated. X-rays are a diagnostic test that uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film. However, it may be difficult to tell whether the problem is TTN or another kind of respiratory problem, such as respiratory distress syndrome (also known as hyaline membrane disease). Often, TTN is diagnosed when symptoms suddenly resolve by the third day of life.

Treatment for transient tachypnea of the newborn

Specific treatment for transient tachypnea of the newborn will be determined by your baby's doctor based on:

  • Your baby's gestational age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the condition

  • Your baby's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the condition

  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment may include:

  • Supplemental oxygen given by mask on the baby's face or by placing the baby under an oxygen hood

  • Blood tests (to measure blood oxygen levels)

  • Continuous positive airway pressure. A mechanical breathing machine that pushes a continuous flow of air or oxygen to the airways to help keep tiny air passages in the lungs open.

Tube feedings may also be necessary if the baby's breathing rate is too high, because of the risk of aspiration of the food.

Once TTN goes away, the baby usually recovers quickly and has no increased risk for additional respiratory problems or other chronic problems.

Reviewed Date: 06-29-2013

Taquipnea Transitoria del Recién Nacido
Neonatology/NICU
W. Thomas Bass, MD
Deborah Devendorf, MD
Susannah Dillender, MD
C W Gowen, MD
Glen Green, MD
M Gary Karlowicz, MD
Edward Karotkin, MD
Jamil Khan, MD
David Oelberg, MD
Kirk Sallas, MD
Tushar Shah, MD
Brett Siegfried, MD
Kenneth Tiffany, MD
Pulmonology
Frank Chocano, MD
Shana Crabtree, MD
Cynthia Epstein, MD
Marilyn Gowen, MD
Jennifer Wiebke, MD
Quizzes
Sleep: Test Your Knowledge
Diseases & Conditions
Anatomy of the Newborn Skull
Assessments for Newborn Babies
Baby's Care After Birth
Breast Milk Collection and Storage
Breastfeeding Difficulties - Baby
Breastfeeding Difficulties - Mother
Breastfeeding Overview
Breastfeeding Your Baby
Breastfeeding: Getting Started
Breathing Problems
Care of the Baby in the Delivery Room
Caring for Babies in the NICU
Chromosomal Abnormalities
Clubfoot
Common Conditions and Complications
Common Procedures
Congenital Heart Disease Index
Digestive Disorders in Children
Fever in A Newborn
Getting Ready at Home
Getting to Know Your New Baby
Glossary - Normal Newborn
Hearing Loss in Babies
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns
Heart Disorders
High-Risk Newborn Blood Disorders
Ineffective Latch-on or Sucking
Infant Feeding Guide
Infant of Diabetic Mother
Infant Play
Infant Sleep
Infection in Babies
Inguinal Hernia in Children
Insufficient or Delayed Milk Production
Male Conditions
Measurements
Megaureter
Micropenis
Neurological Disorders in the Newborn
Newborn Appearance
Newborn Care
Newborn Complications
Newborn Crying
Newborn Health Assessment
Newborn Multiples
Newborn Screening Tests
Newborn Warning Signs
Newborn-Reflexes
Newborn-Senses
Newborn-Sleep Patterns
Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities
Online Resources - Normal Newborn
Physical Examination of the Newborn
Preparing for Your New Baby
Preparing the Family
Skin Color Changes
Substance Exposure
Taking Your Baby Home
The Growing Child: Newborn
The Respiratory System in Babies
Thrush
Umbilical Cord Care
Vision and Hearing
Vision Overview
Warmth and Temperature Regulation
When to Call Your Physician
Your Workplace

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.