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Durante un Ataque de Asma

¿Qué sucede durante un ataque de asma?

Los niños con asma tienen episodios agudos cuando los conductos del aire de sus pulmones se hacen más estrechos y les resulta más difícil respirar. Esto se debe a un aumento en la sensibilidad de los pulmones y las vías respiratorias.

  • Los pulmones y las vías respiratorias reaccionan en exceso a determinados desencadenantes, provocando:

    • La hinchazón e inflamación del epitelio de las vías respiratorias.

    • La compresión de los músculos que rodean las vías respiratorias.

    • Un aumento en la producción de moco.

  • La respiración se hace más difícil y puede resultar dolorosa.

  • Puede haber tos.

  • Puede haber sibilancias o sonido silbante, que son típicos del asma. Las sibilancias se producen debido a la ráfaga de aire que se mueve a través de las vías respiratorias estrechadas.

Si un niño no recibe tratamiento de inmediato durante un ataque de asma, puede sufrir una insuficiencia respiratoria.

Reviewed Date: 12-31-2009

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