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Fire Safety and Burns Overview

What are the different types of burns?

A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer from a heat source to the body. There are many types of burns caused by thermal, radiation, chemical, or electrical contact.

  • Thermal burns--burns due to external heat sources which raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam, and flames, when coming in contact with the skin, can cause thermal burns.

  • Radiation burns--burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as X-ray.

  • Chemical burns--burns due to strong acids or alkaloids coming into contact with the skin and/or eyes.

  • Electrical burns--burns due to a contact with an alternating current, such as open wiring or being struck by lightening.

Fires and burns are some of the leading causes of unintentional injury-related deaths among children ages 14 and under.

The leading cause of residential fire-related death and injury among children ages 5 and younger is child play, when children are left unattended. Most fires started by child play are set with matches or lighters.

However, taking a few precautions in your home can go a long way in keeping your family safe. According to the National SAFE KIDS Campaign, you can make your home more fire- and burn-proof by taking the following steps:

  • Install and maintain your smoke alarms (working smoke alarms can cut the chance of dying in a residential fire in half).

  • Install sprinkler systems.

  • Develop a fire escape plan with your family.

  • Keep and maintain your fire extinguishers.

  • Lower the setting on water heater thermostats to 120° F or below to prevent scald burns.

  • Install anti-scald devices in water faucets and shower heads.

  • Teach fire and burn safety behavior to your children.

Reviewed Date: 05-20-2013

Descripción General de Seguridad contra Incendios y Quemaduras
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Health Tips
10 Ways to Keep Your Family Safe
5 Home Safety Threats You Might Overlook
A Primer for Preschooler Safety
A Safety Checklist for Parents
Child Safety for All Ages
Essential Guidelines for Fireworks Safety
Have a Hazard-Free Halloween
House Fires: Don't Underestimate Them
How to Keep Your Baby or Toddler Safe
How to Prevent, Treat Choking on Toys
Job Safety Critical for Teens
Kids Need Safety Gear for In-line Skating
Make Sure Bunk Beds Meet Safety Rules
Play It Safe With Kitchen Fires
Preventing Household Poisonings
Safety Checklist: How Does Your Family Rate?
Tips to Lower Toddlers’ Choking Risks
Tote Your Baby in a Sling — Safely
Unwrap the Gift of Toy Safety
Quizzes
Burns Quiz
Fire Prevention Quiz
Food Safety Quiz
Diseases & Conditions
Airway Obstruction Overview
Airway Obstruction: Prevention
Bicycle / In-Line Skating / Skateboarding Safety
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety--Identifying High-Risk Situations
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety--Identifying High-Risk Situations
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety--Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety--Prevention
Burns in Children
Burns Overview
Burns: Symptom Management
Chemical Burns
Chemical Burns of the Eye
Classification and Treatment of Burns
Classification of Burns
Coping Emotionally
Electrical Burns
Emergency Treatment of a Burn Injury
Eye Care/Avoiding Eye Injuries
Eye Safety and First Aid
Facts About Burn Injury
Falls: Prevention
Fire Safety and Burns
Fire Safety and Burns--Identifying High-Risk Situations
Fire Safety and Burns--Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
Fire Safety and Burns--Prevention
Firearm Safety and Adolescents
Firearms
Firearms--Identifying High-Risk Situations
First-Degree Burns
Glossary - Burns
Glossary - Safety and Injury Prevention
Heat or Thermal Burns
Home Page - Adolescent Medicine
Home Page - Burns
Home Wound Care
If Your Child Has Difficulty Adjusting
Motor Vehicle Safety - Identifying High-Risk Situations
Motor Vehicle Safety Overview
Nutrition and Burns
Online Resources - Burns
Online Resources - Safety and Injury Prevention
Pedestrian Safety
Preventing Burn Injuries
Preventing Injuries--How You Can Help Your Child
Preventing Scars and Contractures
Returning Home After a Burn Injury
Safety and Injury Prevention for Teens
Second-Degree Burns (Partial Thickness Burns)
Sports Safety for Children
Sports Safety for Teens
Sunburn and Children
Thermal Injuries
Third-Degree Burns
Topic Index - Burns
Toy Safety
Toy Safety--Identifying High-Risk Situations
Toy Safety--Prevention
Water Safety and Teens
Water Safety for Children
Water Safety--Identifying High-Risk Situations
Water Safety--Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
Water Safety--Prevention
When to Call Your Child's Doctor

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.