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Vision Overview

When an infant first emerges into the world, his or her eyesight is immature. While the infant can see the form of his or her mother and can tell the difference between light and dark, the ability to focus has not been developed. Monitoring your child's ability to see is an important part of the health of your growing child.

Facts about vision problems:

  • More than one in 20 preschoolers have vision problems of a type that can lead to vision loss if not treated.

  • More than 12.1 million, or one in four, school-aged children have some type of vision problem.

  • Without proper screening, vision problems may not be noticed.

Risk factors for having problems with vision

The following are some of the risk factors that may increase your child's chances for having some problems with his or her vision:

  • Maternal infections while pregnant

  • Heart disease in the infant

  • Any problems with the actual structure of the eye that the child is born with

  • Family history of problems with vision

  • Hearing problems

  • Premature infant

  • Trauma to the eye

Reviewed Date: 03-27-2013

Descripción General de Visión
Find a pediatrician
Health Tips
2-Year-Olds: Terrible or Terrific?
A Primer for Preschooler Safety
Baby’s Emotional, Intellectual Development
For Kids, Games Can Build Strong Minds
Glasses Can Help Even Young Children
Growing Up Short or Heavy Can Be Difficult
Helping Children Conquer Fear
How Old Is 'Old Enough' for Contacts?
How to Prevent Childhood Obesity
Is It Time for Toilet Training?
Is Your Child Too Sick for Day Care or School?
Kids' Health Concerns Ease with Age
Letting Kids Grow Up…At Their Own Pace
Reading to Kids Helps Their Development
Sports and Music: Both Good for Kids
Tips to Lower Toddlers’ Choking Risks
TV vs. Activity: Key Choice for Kids
Weight Room No Longer Off-Limits to Kids
What Kids Drink Is Important, Too
When Your Child Says, 'I'm Sick'
Your Child's Imaginary Friend…What It Means
Your Child's Social and Emotional Development
Quizzes
Child Development Quiz
Eye Quiz
Diseases & Conditions
Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones
AIDS/HIV in Children
Airway Obstruction Overview
Anatomy of a Child's Brain
Anatomy of the Endocrine System in Children
Anatomy of the Newborn Skull
Anxiety Disorders in Children
Assessments for Newborn Babies
Asthma and Children
Asthma in Children Index
Baby's Care After Birth
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety--Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
Bipolar Disorder in Children
Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children
Brain Tumors in Children
Breast Milk Collection and Storage
Breastfeeding Difficulties - Baby
Breastfeeding Difficulties - Mother
Breastfeeding Overview
Breastfeeding Your Baby
Breastfeeding: Getting Started
Breathing Problems
Care of the Baby in the Delivery Room
Caring for Babies in the NICU
Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects
Childhood Vision Problems
Chromosomal Abnormalities
Clubfoot
Common Conditions and Complications
Common Procedures
Congenital Heart Disease Index
Digestive Disorders in Children
Diphtheria in Children
Discipline
During an Asthma Attack
Ewing Sarcoma
Eye Examinations and Visual Screening
Fever in A Newborn
Firearms
Getting Ready at Home
Getting to Know Your New Baby
Glossary - Normal Newborn
Hearing Loss in Babies
Hearing Screening Tests for Newborns
Heart Disorders
Hepatitis B (HBV) in Children
High-Risk Newborn Blood Disorders
Home Page - Burns
Ineffective Latch-on or Sucking
Infant Feeding Guide
Infant of Diabetic Mother
Infant Play
Infant Sleep
Infection in Babies
Inflammatory and Infectious Musculoskeletal Disorders
Inflammatory and Infectious Neurological Disorders
Inguinal Hernia in Children
Insect Bites and Children
Insufficient or Delayed Milk Production
Kidney Transplantation in Children
Male Conditions
Measurements
Megaureter
Meningitis in Children
Micropenis
Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Muscular Dystrophy
Myasthenia Gravis in Children
Neurological Disorders in the Newborn
Newborn Appearance
Newborn Care
Newborn Complications
Newborn Crying
Newborn Health Assessment
Newborn Multiples
Newborn Screening Tests
Newborn Warning Signs
Newborn-Reflexes
Newborn-Senses
Newborn-Sleep Patterns
Normal Newborn Behaviors and Activities
Normal Vision
Online Resources - Normal Newborn
Osteosarcoma in Children
Pediatric Blood Disorders
Physical Examination of the Newborn
Poliomyelitis (Polio) in Children
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children
Preparing for Your New Baby
Preparing the Family
Preparing the Preschooler for Surgery
Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery
Preparing the Toddler for Surgery
Preschooler Nutrition
Schizophrenia in Children
School-Aged Child Nutrition
Skin Color Changes
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Sports Safety for Children
Substance Exposure
Superficial Injuries Overview
Taking Your Baby Home
Television and Children
Thalassemia
The Growing Child: 1 to 3 Months
The Growing Child: 10 to 12 Months
The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds
The Growing Child: 4 to 6 Months
The Growing Child: 7 to 9 Months
The Growing Child: Newborn
The Growing Child: Preschool (4 to 5 Years)
The Growing Child: School-Age (6 to 12 Years)
The Heart
The Kidneys
The Respiratory System in Babies
Thrush
Toddler Nutrition
Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn
Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children
Umbilical Cord Care
Vision
Vision and Hearing
Visual Screening and Eye Examinations
Visual Screening Overview
Warmth and Temperature Regulation
When to Call Your Physician
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Your Workplace

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.