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Health Library A to Z

A

  • A Child's Concept of Death
  • For infants and toddlers, death has very little meaning. School-aged children begin to understand death as permanent, universal, and inevitable. A predominant theme in adolescence is a feeling of immortality or being exempt from death.

  • A Child's First Dental Visit Fact Sheet
  • Your child should see a dentist six months after eruption of the first tooth, experts say. The dentist can provide or recommend preventative information regarding baby bottle tooth decay, infant feeding practices, mouth cleaning, teething, pacifier habits and finger-sucking habits.

  • A Primer for Preschooler Safety
  • Your little ones can learn a lot about safety if you take some time to teach them. Here's an ABC that you and your children can recite together.

  • A Rational Diet for Bodybuilders
  • Many of today's generation of musclemen are told by nutritionists and bodybuilding experts that well-balanced meals will offer enough protein for all but the most intense exercisers.

  • A Warning on Medicinal Herbs
  • Herbal remedies may be popular, but just how many of the hundreds of herbs on the market act on the body isn't clear.

  • A Weighty Issue: Childhood Obesity
  • Childhood obesity is more prevalent in the Northeast, followed by the Midwest, South and West. It is also more prevalent in cities than in rural areas.

  • About Cancer
  • Detailed information on cancer in children, including causes, diagnosis, treatment, and coping

  • Abrasions
  • An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a "brush burn." Abrasions are usually minor injuries that can be treated at home.

  • Achondroplasia
  • Detailed information on achondroplasia, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Acne in Children
  • Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

  • Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children
  • Many types of trauma can cause an acute spinal cord injury. The more common types occur when the area of the spine or neck is bent or compressed.

  • Adding to Mother's Milk
  • Although your milk is best, it is not always complete with the nutritional needs of very small premature babies or some very sick newborns.

  • Adenovirus Infections
  • Detailed information on adenovirus infections, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • ADHD Drugs Safe, Experts Say
  • Parents of kids with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face a tough choice: whether to medicate their children or not.

  • Adjustment Disorders
  • Adjustment disorders are quite common in children and teens. They are characterized by an excessive reaction to stress.

  • Adolescent Health Problems and Injuries
  • Detailed information on adolescent health problems and injuries, including acne, asthma, breast conditions, breast self-examination, diabetes, eye care, eye safety, gynecological conditions, menstrual conditions, gynecologic problems, pap test, vaginitis, vulvitis, menstrual disorders, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), high blood pressure, infectious mononucleosis, obesity, oral health, orthodontics, braces, wisdom teeth extraction, periodontal disease, orthopedic problems, osgood schlatter disease, scoliosis, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, sexually transmitted diseases, safer sex guidelines, sports safety, sports injuries, sprains, strains, tennis elbow, mouthguards, heat related illness, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke

  • Aerobic Exercises for Kids
  • Aerobic exercise is important for kids. It helps keep their heart, lungs, and blood vessels healthy. It can also help them keep or get to a healthy weight.

  • Age-Appropriate Vision Milestones
  • An infant's eyes are sometimes uncoordinated and may look cross-eyed. Within two months, the child can follow faces and objects and look at his or her hands.

  • Aging Eyes and Glasses
  • As your eyes age, their lenses become less flexible, and they slowly lose their ability to focus. It's an ongoing, lifelong process called presbyopia, which you begin to notice between ages 40 and 45.

  • AIDS/HIV in Children
  • Detailed information on HIV and AIDS, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Air Bags and Kids
  • A car with an air bag is considered safer than a car without one. But for children under 12 years old, air bags can be dangerous.

  • Airway Obstruction Index
  • Infants and children under age 4 are particularly at risk for choking on food or small objects because their upper airways are smaller, and they tend to explore things with their mouths.

  • Airway Obstruction: Prevention
  • Because most accidental child strangulations, chokings, and suffocations occur in the home, it's important to carefully childproof your residence.

  • Alcohol Use Among Teens Is Epidemic
  • The leading substance-abuse threat to children may be as close as your refrigerator. About 10 million adolescents drink alcohol. In fact, minors drink 19 percent of the alcohol consumed in the United States.

  • All About Asthma in Children
  • What causes asthma? It may be partially inherited, but many other environmental, infectious, and chemical factors are involved.

  • All About Child Passenger Safety
  • Installing your child's car seat properly and using it every time your son or daughter rides in the car is one of the best ways to help keep him or her safe in case of an accident.

  • All About LSD
  • LSD, also called acid, is one of the most commonly used hallucinogens or psychedelic drugs.

  • All About the Immune System
  • Detailed information on the immune system, including a full-color, labeled illustration of the immune system

  • All Family Time Is Quality Time
  • Quality time should be woven into our lives. As our children get older and slip away, we need to stop worrying about the extraordinary and think more about the ordinary."

  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Pollen, dust mites, mold, and animal dander are the most common causes of allergic rhinitis.

  • Allergy
  • Detailed information on allergy, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Alternative Therapy for Cancer
  • Alternative therapy is a nonconventional approach to healing. it may be used instead of standard treatment or in combination with standard medicine.

  • Amenorrhea in Teens
  • Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition in which a woman's menstrual periods are absent for more than three monthly cycles. Pregnancy is one possible cause of amenorrhea.

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Detailed information on anaphylaxis, including causes, symptoms, and treatment

  • Anemia
  • Detailed information on anemia, including symptoms, diagnosis, causes, types, and treatment

  • Anencephaly
  • Anencephaly is a type of neural tube defect present at birth. It affects the formation of the brain and the skull bones that surround the head.

  • Animal Bites
  • Detailed information on animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Animals
  • Detailed information on animals as allergens

  • Anorectal Malformation
  • An anorectal malformation is a birth defect in which the anus and rectum do not develop properly.

  • Anorexia Nervosa in Children
  • Anorexia nervosa (AN) is eating disorder that is a form of self-starvation. A child or teen with AN has abnormally low body weight, a distorted body image, and an intense fear of gaining weight.

  • Anxiety Disorders in Children
  • Detailed information on the most common types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and phobias

  • Aortic Stenosis
  • Aortic stenosis affects the amount of blood that can flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. Symptoms vary with the degree of blockage.

  • Apnea of Prematurity
  • It’s a cliché that many new parents need to reassure themselves that the baby is still breathing. But what if your baby really is having breathing problems? A breathing condition called apnea of prematurity affects some babies, especially if they’re born early. But you can learn what symptoms to look for.

  • Asthma in Children Index
  • Detailed information on asthma, including triggers of an asthma attack, symptoms, diagnosis, management, and treatment

  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
  • An atrial septal defect is an opening in the dividing wall between the two upper chambers of the heart known as the right and left atria.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • A child with autism appears to live in his or her own world, showing little interest in others and a lack of social awareness.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Children with PDD have difficulty with language, communication, socialization, and motor behaviors. Autism is an example of a PDD.

  • Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children
  • Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

  • Facts About Animal Bites
  • Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. Animals can also carry diseases that can be transmitted through a bite.

  • Femoral Anteversion
  • Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thigh bone. It is typically detected when a child is 4 to 6 years old.

  • Managing Alopecia in Children
  • Hair loss is a common side effect of most forms of chemotherapy. Younger children may not be bothered by hair loss, but the school-aged child or teenager may be devastated.

  • Metatarsus Adductus
  • Metatarsus adductus is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward.

  • Puberty: Adolescent Female
  • Girls experience puberty as a sequence of events, and their pubertal changes usually begin before boys of the same age. The first pubertal change in girls usually is breast development.

  • Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
  • Symptoms of tonsillitis vary greatly depending on the cause of the infection, and can occur either suddenly or gradually.

  • Treatment for a Child's Allergy
  • Detailed information on avoidance of allergens and treatment for allergy, including immunotherapy (allergy shots) and medication

  • Types of Anesthesia
  • During surgery, your child will be given some form of anesthesia—medication given to relieve pain and sensation.

  • Your Child: At 2 Years
  • Remember that "terrible twos" phase of a child's life also can be the "terrific twos." Watching your children grow and learn is an enriching experience.

  • Your Child's Asthma
  • How asthma will affect a child throughout his/her lifetime varies, depending on the child.

  • Your Child's Asthma: Flare-ups
  • Your child's breathing will become harder and may hurt. You may hear a wheezing or whistling sound, which is typical of asthma.