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Health Library A to Z

F

  • Blood Circulation in the Fetus and Newborn
  • During pregnancy, the fetal lungs are not used for breathing—the placenta does the work of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide through the mother's circulation. With the first breaths of air the baby takes at birth, the fetal circulation changes.

  • Facts About Poisons
  • About 60 percent of poisonings in children involve items other than medicines—plants, cleaning products, cosmetics, pesticides, paints, and solvents.

  • Failure to Thrive
  • Failure to thrive means that a child is not growing as he or she should. Psychological, social, or economic problems within the family almost always play a role in this condition.

  • Falls
  • Detailed information on falls and preventing injuries and death in children

  • Falls: Prevention
  • Make sure playground equipment is age-appropriate. Most equipment manufactured today is made for two age groups: children from 2 to 5 years old, and children from 5 to 12 years old.

  • Feeding Guide for the First Year
  • It's important to feed your baby a variety of healthy foods at the proper time. Solid foods should not be started before 4 months of age.

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome refers to a group of abnormalities in babies born to mothers who drink during pregnancy. The problems include small head and brain, facial abnormalities, and defects of other organs.

  • Fever in Children
  • When your child has a fever, the body resets its thermostat at a higher temperature. This helps the body fight off invading microorganisms.

  • Fifth Disease
  • Fifth disease is caused by the human parvovirus. It is most prevalent in the winter and spring and is usually seen in school-aged children.

  • Fillings
  • Teeth that have tooth decay must be repaired. Advances in dental materials and techniques provide new, effective ways to restore teeth.

  • Find Nutrients for Children in Food, Not Pills
  • While you want to make sure your child gets the right vitamins and minerals, it's best for kids to get all the nutrients they need from food. But there are some children who may need a supplement.

  • Finding the Best Day Care for Your Child
  • Is it almost time to go back to work? The idea of leaving your baby with strangers might be hard to swallow. But finding good day care doesn’t have to be difficult, if you follow this advice.

  • Fire Safety and Burns
  • Detailed information on fire safety and burns and preventing injuries and death in children

  • Fire Safety and Burns--Prevention
  • Develop a family escape plan and practice it repeatedly so that your children will have a better chance of escaping a fire unhurt and alive.

  • Firearms
  • Detailed information on firearm safety and preventing injuries and death in children

  • First Aid for Poisonings
  • Sometimes accidental poisonings can be treated in the home under the direction of a poison control center or your child's doctor. At other times, emergency medical care is necessary.

  • First-Aid for the Eyes
  • A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately.

  • Five Mealtime Survival Tips for Harried Parents
  • You and your kids need to eat right. But with your busy schedule, it's tough to make sure everyone has nutritious meals and snacks. Check out these timesaving tips for preparing nutritious meals for the whole family.

  • Flossing and Children
  • Flossing should be started when your child is 2 to 3 years old, under the direction of your child's dentist. Children younger than 2 don't need to floss.

  • Fluoride and Children
  • Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay, strengthens tooth enamel, and reduces the harmful effects of plaque.

  • For Kids, Games Can Build Strong Minds
  • Citing the latest research on the brain, experts say chess, Scrabble, Monopoly -- even jigsaw puzzles or tic-tac-toe -- help children build analytical, organizational and creative skills.

  • For Parents: Important Decisions to Be Made in the Dying Process
  • Detailed information on important decisions to be made when a child is dying, including the right to refuse treatment, to die at home versus the hospital, advanced directives, do not resuscitate, autopsy, organ donation, palliative hospice care, and funeral arrangements.

  • Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose, and Airway
  • Children usually place things in their ears because they are bored, curious, or copying other children. Some objects may cause no symptoms, but other objects, such as food and insects, may cause pain in the ear, redness, or drainage.

  • Fractures in Children
  • Fractures occur when more force is applied to the bone than the bone can absorb. Bones are weakest when they are twisted.

  • Fractures of the Orbit
  • The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. A blow to the face can break one or more of these bones and can result in severe eye injury and damage.

  • Frostbite in Children
  • Detailed information on frostbite, including symptoms and what to do if frostbite occurs

  • Fungal Infections
  • Detailed information on fungal skin infections, including Candidiasis, Tinea Infections, and Tinea Versicolor

  • Influenza (Flu) in Children
  • Influenza is a highly contagious infection of the upper respiratory system. It's one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season, affecting up to 20 percent of Americans each year.