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Health Library A to Z

G

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER)
  • Hiccups. Belching. Stomachache. Sound like a case of heartburn? It isn’t an adults-only condition. If your baby has some of these symptoms, she may have gastroesophageal reflux. If feeding changes don’t bring relief, your doctor may prescribe medications to help.

  • Genetic Disorders Associated with Congenital Heart Disease
  • Detailed information on congenital heart disease, including patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, atrioventricular canal, tricuspid atresia, pulmonary atresia, transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle, truncus arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortic stenosis, and hypoplastic left heart syndrome

  • Genetics
  • Genetics is the study of the patterns of inheritance - how traits and characteristics are passed from parents to their children.

  • Germ Cell Tumors
  • Detailed information on germ cell tumors, including causes, types, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Gestational Age Assessment
  • It’s not always easy to tell a newborn’s age by their size. Premature babies are usually small, but full-term and past-term babies can be small, too. That’s when doctors will perform a gestational assessment to determine if a newborn needs special treatment.

  • Give Young Athletes Plenty of Fluids
  • During hot weather, if young athletes don't get enough water to replace what is lost through perspiration, they face the risk of dehydration.

  • Give Your Energy Level a Tune-Up
  • Eating smaller, healthy meals distributes energy calories more evenly than large meals and keeps your blood sugar normal throughout the day.

  • Glasses Can Help Even Young Children
  • Doctors who specialize in children's eye care say children usually become near- or farsighted between ages 6 and 12. But even infants can wear glasses if they need help to see well.

  • Grief and Bereavement
  • The process of grieving is often long and painful for parents, siblings, relatives, friends, peers, teachers, neighbors, and anyone that understands the loss of a child.

  • Growing Up Short or Heavy Can Be Difficult
  • When children believe they are different in some way, they feel bad. Whether because of their height or some other characteristic, they are going to be aware of differences.

  • Growth Hormone Deficiency
  • Detailed information on growth hormone deficiency, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Growth in Children
  • Detailed information on growth in children, including normal growth, newborn screening tests, growth problems, growth hormone deficiency, and achondroplasia

  • Growth Problems
  • Detailed information on growth problems, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Guidelines for Raising Smoke-Free Kids
  • The most important thing is to keep the lines of communication open -- the more you talk to your children, the better chance you have of staying close when things get tough or when important issues like smoking arise.

  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome in Children
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome is a neurological disorder in which a child's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The disorder usually occurs a few days or weeks after the child has had symptoms of a respiratory or gastrointestinal viral infection.

  • Hyperthyroidism (Graves' Disease)
  • Hyperthyroidism means that the thyroid gland is overactive, producing too much thyroid hormone. The excess hormone leads to an overactive metabolism.

  • The Growing Child: 10 to 12 Months
  • Your child can now says da-da and ma-ma, and possibly two other words, as well. He or she can also make a simple gesture such as shaking the head.

  • The Growing Child: 1-Year-Olds
  • Your child is a toddler now and very active! He or she can climb stairs while holding on and play with push and pull toys.

  • The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds
  • Speech at this age is becoming clearer. Your child has a vocabulary of 200 to 300 words and can tell his or her age and name.

  • The Growing Child: 3-Year-Olds
  • Most 3-year-olds have lost the rounded tummy of a toddler. Your child can use a spoon well and can wash and dry his or her hands.

  • The Growing Child: Newborn
  • In the first month of life, babies usually catch up and surpass their birthweight, then steadily continue to gain weight.

  • Types of Genetic Diseases
  • Genetic diseases are classified by type: chromosomal abnormalities, single gene defects, problems caused by exposure to certain substances, or a combination of these.