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Health Library A to Z

M

  • Major Depression in Adolescents
  • Depression is a mood disorder that involves a adolescent's body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect and disrupt eating, sleeping, or thinking patterns.

  • Make Variety a Goal in Kids' Sports
  • Children should avoid specializing in a sport until they reach adolescence, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends. Reason: for every prodigy who becomes a successful athlete, thousands of youths suffer physically or psychologically from being pushed to compete at a young age.

  • Making Family Fitness Fun
  • Activity can help prevent heart disease, cancer, and stroke. It can also lessen feelings of depression, and boost confidence. As children get older, they often reduce their physical activity. Because of this, making activity a family priority is key.

  • Making the Most of Family Moments
  • The time you spend with your children each day doesn't have to be scripted or scheduled. In fact, if you set aside only specific times as "family time," it puts a lot of pressure on both you and your kids.

  • Male Conditions
  • Detailed information on the most common male genitourinary conditions

  • Malocclusion
  • Detailed information on malocclusion, including causes, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Managing Mucositis in Children
  • Mucositis can be a very troublesome and painful side effect of chemotherapy. Common symptoms include diarrhea and abdominal cramping or tenderness.

  • Marfan Syndrome
  • Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder involving the body's connective tissue, including the heart, lungs, and spinal cord.

  • Mastoiditis
  • Detailed information on mastoiditis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Measuring a Baby's Temperature
  • Most physicians recommend taking a baby's temperature rectally, by placing a thermometer in the baby's anus. This method is accurate and gives a quick reading of the baby's internal temperature.

  • Meckel's Diverticulum
  • Detailed information on Meckel's diverticulum, including risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Meconium Aspiration
  • Meconium aspiration occurs when a baby breathes in amniotic fluid containing meconium (the baby's first stools).

  • Medications to Treat ADHD in Children
  • Children who have ADHD are often given medication as part of their treatment plan. The type of medication most often chosen is a psychostimulant.

  • Megaureter
  • Detailed information on megaureter, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Meningitis in Children
  • Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and the spinal cord. Bacteria or viruses are the more common causes.

  • Meningococcal Infections
  • Detailed information on meningococcal infections, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Menstrual Disorders
  • Detailed information on the most common menstrual conditions, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia

  • Microcephaly
  • An infant with microcephaly has a head that is much smaller than normal for an infant of that age and gender. Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and mental retardation.

  • Micropenis
  • Detailed information on micropenis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Milk Allergy Diet for Children
  • The words "non-dairy" on a product label mean that it does not contain butter, cream, or milk—but it could still contain other types of milk products.

  • Mismanaged Breastfeeding
  • Detailed information on mismanaged breastfeeding, including information on breastfeeding positions

  • Mold
  • Detailed information on mold allergy, including potential sources of mold inside and outside the home

  • Mosaic Down Syndrome
  • Detailed information on mosaic Down syndrome, including the chances for it to happen again in a family

  • Mosaicism
  • Detailed information on mosaicism, including a mosaicism diagram

  • Motor Vehicle Safety Overview
  • Detailed information on motor vehicle safety, including installing and using child safety seats and booster seats

  • Mouthguards
  • Mouthguards are important to help protect your child's mouth and teeth from serious injury.

  • Mumps
  • Mumps is a highly contagious viral illness that usually occurs in childhood. It is no longer common in the United States because children are now vaccinated against it.

  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body to become very weak. The muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits over time.

  • Mushroom Poisoning in Children
  • Early symptoms of mushroom poisoning include stomach cramps, vomiting, and watery or bloody diarrhea. If your child has any of these symptoms, call your child's doctor immediately.

  • Myasthenia Gravis in Children
  • Myasthenia gravis is a complex, autoimmune disorder that causes problems with the nerves that communicate with muscles, resulting in weakness of the skeletal muscles.

  • Overview of Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents
  • Mood disorders in teens remain one of the most under-diagnosed mental health problems. These disorders also put teens at risk for other conditions that may persist long after the initial episodes of depression are resolved.

  • Weight Management and Adolescents
  • For overweight children 7 and older, the initial goal is to keep them from gaining more weight. Changes in eating habits and exercise are gradually introduced to trim pounds.