Jump to:  A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y

Helmets Too Rarely Used in Baseball and Softball

Helmets Too Rarely Used in Baseball and Softball

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Despite a significant risk of head injuries in baseball and softball, helmet use in those sports is low, a new review says.

"Our review demonstrates that traumatic brain injury in baseball and softball affects players of all levels and all positions," said study lead author Dr. Michael Cusimano, a neurosurgeon at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.

"Although the risk for traumatic brain injury is lower in baseball than other, high-contact sports like hockey and football, because the injuries can lead to very serious injuries like skull fractures and bleeding in the brain caused by balls or bats, it should be considered equally as serious and addressed in a way that reflects that," he said in a hospital news release.

Cusimano and his colleagues reviewed 29 studies that included nearly 243,000 traumatic brain injuries sustained by baseball and softball players between 1982 and 2015. Playing levels extended from youth leagues all the way to Major League Baseball players.

While baseball and softball had the lowest rate of traumatic head injuries compared with 15 other sports, serious brain injuries occurred once in about every 2,000 games.

All formal baseball and softball leagues included in the studies required players to wear helmets. Five of the studies examined the use of protective equipment and found that only 7 percent of players who suffered traumatic brain injuries that required emergency department care were wearing helmets.

The study also found that traumatic brain injuries accounted for 6 percent of all injuries among youth baseball players and that concussions were among the top 10 injuries that caused players to miss games and the most common cause of catastrophic injury among professional baseball players.

Among younger children (ages 5 to 9), the most common cause of traumatic brain injury was being struck by the bat -- 54 percent in boys and 61 percent in girls.

Among both older males and females (ages 10 and up), the most common cause of traumatic brain injury was being hit by a baseball.

In all age groups for both males and females, rates of traumatic brain injury were four times higher in games than in practices, according to the study.

The findings show the need for mandatory helmet use at all positions at all levels of youth baseball and softball, the researchers said.

"There is enough evidence to lead me to believe that if all players in all positions wore helmets, these severe injuries could be largely eliminated," Cusimano said.

The study was published online Oct. 30 in the journal Frontiers in Neurology.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on traumatic brain injury.

SOURCE: St. Michael's Hospital, news release, Oct. 30, 2017

Reviewed Date: --

Find a pediatrician
Childrens Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Dr. J. Marc Cardelia
Dr. Allison Crepeau
Dr. Cara Novick
Dr. Jeremy Saller
Dr. H. Sheldon St. Clair
Dr. Carl St. Remy
Dr. Allison Tenfelde
Sports Medicine
Dr. Joel Brenner
Dr. Aisha Joyce
Dr. David Smith
Dr. Sarah Chagnon
Dr. Thomas Enlow
Dr. L. Matthew Frank
Dr. Ralph Northam
Dr. Crystal Proud
Dr. Svinder Toor
Dr. Ryan Williams
Health Tips
Abuse of Prescription ADHD Medicines Rising on College Campuses
Guidelines for Raising Smoke-Free Kids
Helping Kids Get Over their Fears
How Old Is "Old Enough" for Contacts?
Making Family Fitness Fun
Parenting Déjà vu: Raising Your Grandchildren
Parents-to-Be Must Communicate
Reading to Kids Helps Their Development
Talk With Your Kids About These Issues
Talking About Sex with Your Teen
Swimming Quiz
Teen Health Quiz
4 Things to Do After Your Workout
5 Health Habits That Could Hurt You
Boost Your Home Workout with These 3 Tips
Don’t Resist Resistance Bands
Get Moving—Even While Binge-Watching TV—To Reduce Your Blood Clot Risk
Manage Your High Cholesterol with These Moves
Diseases & Conditions
Adolescent (13 to 18 Years)
Adolescents and Diabetes Mellitus
Amenorrhea in Teens
Anatomy of a Child's Brain
Anatomy of the Endocrine System in Children
Anxiety Disorders in Children
Asthma in Children Index
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) in Children
Bone Marrow Transplant for Children
Brain Tumors in Children
Breast Conditions in Young Women
Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects
Ewing Sarcoma in Children
Exercise and Adolescents
Exercise and Children
Female Growth and Development
Gynecological and Menstrual Conditions
Hepatitis B (HBV) in Children
High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents
Home Page - Adolescent Medicine
Inflammatory and Infectious Musculoskeletal Disorders
Inflammatory and Infectious Neurological Disorders
Inguinal Hernia in Children
Insect Bites and Children
Kidney Transplantation in Children
Major Depression in Teens
Meningitis in Children
Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea) in Teens
Menstrual Disorders
Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) in Children
Oral Health
Osteosarcoma (Osteogenic Sarcoma) in Children
Overview of Adolescent Health Problems
Pap Test for Adolescents
Pediatric Blood Disorders
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children
Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery
Schizophrenia in Children
School-Aged Child Nutrition
Sports Safety for Children
Superficial Injuries Overview
Television and Children
The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds
The Growing Child: Adolescent (13 to 18 Years)
The Heart
The Kidneys
Your Child's Asthma
Your Child's Asthma: Flare-ups

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.