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Durante un Ataque de Asma

El asma de su hijo: los brotes

¿Qué sucede durante un brote?

Los niños con asma tienen episodios graves o brotes cuando los conductos de aire en sus pulmones se vuelven más estrechos y respirar se hace más difícil. Las vías respiratorias sensibles reaccionan a ciertos elementos, denominados desencadenantes. Los desencadenantes pueden causar lo siguiente:

  • el revestimiento de las vías respiratorias (tubos bronquiales) se inflama e hincha;

  • los músculos que rodean las vías respiratorias se tensan;

  • aumenta la producción de mucosidad; y

  • desciende el movimiento de aire a través de los pulmones.

Vía respiratoria normal
Vía respiratoria normal

Vía respiratoria con asma
Asma

Vía respiratoria con brote de asma
Brote

Su hijo podría presentar los siguientes síntomas de un brote:

  • respiración cada vez más dificultosa;

  • opresión en el pecho;

  • tos;

  • sibilancia o silbido al exhalar: puede que no presente sibilancia con brotes muy severos;

  • síntomas que despiertan a su hijo o impiden que se duerma; y

  • problemas al caminar o hablar.

Asegúrese de saber qué hace que los síntomas de su hijo empeoren. Si su hijo no recibe tratamiento de inmediato durante un brote, podría dejar de respirar e incluso morir.

Reviewed Date: 06-30-2014

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Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.