Jump to:  A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y

Fire Safety and Burns Overview

Fire Safety and Burns Overview

What are the different types of burns?

A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer from a heat source to the body. There are many types of burns caused by thermal, radiation, chemical, or electrical contact.

  • Thermal burns are burns due to external heat sources which raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam, and flames, when coming in contact with the skin, can cause thermal burns.

  • Radiation burns are burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as X-ray.

  • Chemical burns are burns due to strong acids or alkaloids coming into contact with the skin or eyes.

  • Electrical burns are burns due to a contact with an alternating current, such as open wiring or being struck by lightning.

Fires and burns are some of the leading causes of accidental injury-related deaths among children ages 14 and under.

The leading cause of residential fire-related death and injury among children ages 5 and younger is child play, when children are left unattended. Most fires started by child play are set with matches or lighters.

However, taking a few precautions in your home can go a long way in keeping your family safe. According to the National SAFE KIDS Campaign, you can make your home more fire- and burn-proof by taking the following steps:

  • Install and maintain your smoke alarms (working smoke alarms can cut the chance of dying in a residential fire in half).

  • Install sprinkler systems.

  • Develop a fire escape plan with your family.

  • Keep and maintain your fire extinguishers.

  • Lower the setting on water heater thermostats to 120° F or below to prevent scald burns.

  • Install anti-scald devices in water faucets and shower heads.

  • Teach fire and burn safety behavior to your children.

Reviewed Date: 04-01-2017

Fire Safety and Burns Overview
Find a pediatrician
Emergency Medicine
Dr. Michelle Arzubi-Hughes
Dr. Omar Blanco
Dr. James Burhop
Dr. Joel Clingenpeel
Dr. Margaret Eason
Dr. Sandip Godambe
Dr. Kristin Herbert
Dr. Andrea Hornbuckle
Dr. Rupa Kapoor
Dr. Alexandra Leader
Health Tips
5 Home Safety Threats You Might Overlook
A Safety Checklist for Parents
Essential Guidelines for Fireworks Safety
Have a Hazard-Free Halloween
Job Safety Critical for Teens
Preventing Household Poisonings
Teenagers and Summer Jobs
Tips to Lower Toddlers’ Choking Risks
Tote Your Baby in a Sling—Safely
Unwrap the Gift of Toy Safety
Burns Quiz
Fire Prevention Quiz
Food Safety Quiz
Kids and Swimming Safety Quiz
Diseases & Conditions
After a Burn: When to Call Your Child's Healthcare Provider
Airway Obstruction: Prevention
Bicycle / In-Line Skating / Skateboarding Safety
Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboarding Safety—Prevention
Burns in Children
Burns Overview
Burns: Symptom Management
Chemical Burns
Chemical Burns of the Eye in Children
Classification and Treatment of Burns
Classification of Burns
Coping Emotionally After a Burn
Electrical Burns
Emergency Treatment of a Burn Injury
Eye Safety and First Aid
Fire Safety and Burns
Fire Safety and Burns—Identifying High-Risk Situations
First-Degree Burn in Children
Heat or Thermal Burns
Home Page - Adolescent Medicine
Home Page - Burns
Home Wound Care
If Your Child Has Difficulty Adjusting After a Burn Injury
Motor Vehicle Safety Overview
Nutrition and Burns
Pedestrian Safety
Preventing Burn Injuries
Preventing Falls
Preventing Scars and Contractures
Returning Home After a Burn Injury
Safety and Injury Prevention for Teens
Safety for You and Your Child
Second-Degree Burn in Children
Sports Safety for Children
Sports Safety for Teens
Sunburn and Children
Thermal Injuries
Third-Degree Burn in Children
Topic Index - Burns
Toy Safety
Toy Safety—Identifying High-Risk Situations
Toy Safety—Prevention
Water Safety and Teens
Water Safety for Children
Water Safety—Prevention

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.