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Descripción General de Visión

Descripción general de la visión

En el momento del nacimiento, la visión del bebé es inmadura. Aunque puede distinguir la forma de su madre y diferenciar la luz de la oscuridad, aún no ha desarrollado la capacidad para fijar la vista en los objetos. El control de la capacidad visual de su hijo es una parte importante de su salud y desarrollo.

Datos sobre los problemas de la visión:

  • Más del 20 por ciento de los niños en edad preescolar presentan problemas de la visión que pueden llevar a la pérdida de la visión si no se tratan.

  • Alrededor de 12,1 millones, o uno de cada cuatro, de los niños en edad escolar presentan algún tipo de problema de la visión.

  • Si no se realiza una evaluación adecuada, los problemas de la visión pueden pasar inadvertidos.

Factores de riesgo de padecer problemas de la visión

A continuación se enumeran algunos de los factores que pueden contribuir a aumentar el riesgo de que su hijo sufra problemas de la visión:

  • Infecciones maternas durante el embarazo

  • Enfermedades del corazón en el bebé

  • Cualquier problema congénito en la estructura ocular del niño

  • Antecedentes familiares de problemas de la visión

  • Problemas de audición

  • Bebés prematuros

  • Traumatismos en el ojo

Reviewed Date: 03-27-2013

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Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.