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Prevention Guidelines for Men 18 to 39

Prevention Guidelines for Men 18 to 39

Here are the screening tests and immunizations that most men ages 18 to 39 need. A screening test is done to find possible disorders or diseases in people who don't have any symptoms. The goal is to find a disease early so lifestyle changes can be made and you can be watched more closely to reduce the risk of disease, or to detect it early enough to treat it most effectively. Screening tests are not considered diagnostic, but are used to determine if more testing is needed. Although you and your healthcare provider may decide that a different schedule is best for you, this plan can guide your discussion.

Screening

Who needs it

How often

Alcohol misuse

All adults

At routine exams

Blood pressure

All adults

Yearly checkup if your blood pressure is normal*

Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg*

If your blood pressure reading is higher than normal, follow the advice of your healthcare provider

Depression

All adults who have access to clinical practices with staff and systems in place to assure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and follow-up

At routine exams

Diabetes mellitus, type 2

All men who have no symptoms and are overweight or obese and have 1 or more additional risk factors for diabetes

At least every 3 years (annually if blood sugar has started to rise)

Diabetes mellitus, type 2

All men beginning at age 45

Every 3 years

Diabetes mellitus, type 2

All men with prediabetes

Every year

Hepatitis C

If at increased risk

At routine exams

HIV

All men

At routine exams

High cholesterol and triglycerides

All men ages 35 and older, and younger men at high risk for coronary artery disease

At least every 5 years

Obesity

All adults

At routine exams

Syphilis

Anyone at increased risk for infection

At routine exams

Chlamydia

Anyone at increased risk for infection

At routine exams

Gonorrhea

Anyone at increased risk for infection

At routine exams

Tuberculosis

Anyone at increased risk for infection

Check with your healthcare provider

Vision

All men in this age group1

Every 5 to 10 years if not risk factors for eye disease

Counseling

Who needs it

How often

Diet and exercise

Adults who are overweight or obese

When diagnosed and at routine exams

Sexually transmitted infection prevention

Men who are sexually active

At routine visits

Skin cancer

Prevention of skin cancer in fair-skinned adults through age 24

At routine visits

Tobacco use and tobacco-related disease

All adults

Every exam

Immunizations***

Who needs it

How often

Tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (Td/Tdap) booster

All adults

Td: every 10 years

Tdap: substitute a 1-time dose of Tdap for a Td booster after age 18, then boost with Td every 10 years

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

All adults in this age group who have no record of previous infection or vaccines**

1 or 2 doses

Chickenpox (varicella)

All adults in this age group who have no record of this infection or vaccinations**

2 doses; the second dose should be given 4 to 8 weeks after the first dose

Flu (seasonal)

All adults

Yearly, when the vaccine becomes available in the community

Hepatitis A

People at risk2

2 doses given at least 6 months apart

Hepatitis B

People at risk3

3 doses over 6 months; second dose should be given 1 month after the first dose; the third dose should be given at least 2 months after the second dose (and at least 4 months after the first dose)

Haemophilus influenzae Type B (HIB)

People at risk

1 to 3 doses

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

All men in this age group up to age 26

3 doses; the second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose and the third dose given 6 months after the first dose

Meningococcal

People at risk4

1 or more doses

Pneumococcal (PCV13) and pneumococcal (PPSV23)

People at risk5

PCV13: 1 dose ages 19 to 65 (protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

PPSV23: 1 to 2 doses through age 64, or 1 dose at 65 or older (protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

 

*Recommendation from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines

**Exceptions may exist; discuss with your healthcare provider

***Those who are 18 years of age, who are not up-to-date on their childhood immunizations, should receive all appropriate catch-up vaccines recommended by the CDC.

1Recommendation from the American Academy of Ophthalmology

2For complete list, see the CDC website

3For complete list, see the CDC website

4People ages 19 to 21 years and who are first-year college students or have one of several medical conditions

5For complete list, see the CDC website

Screening guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Immunization schedule from the CDC

Reviewed Date: 02-01-2017

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Diseases & Conditions
Adolescent (13 to 18 Years)
Adolescents and Diabetes Mellitus
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Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP)
Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib)
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Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR)
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Newborn Immunizations
Obesity in Teens
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Pneumococcus
Polio (IPV)
Pregnancy and Medical Conditions
Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Adolescents
Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children
Visual Screening and Eye Examinations

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.