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Burn-related Terms

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AntibioticsMedicines that are used to treat burn wound infections and blood infections caused by burns.
AquacelGauze like material with silver. Used to cover the burn when almost healed.
BacteriaAlso called germs. The cause of most burn infections.
Circumferential BurnOne that goes all the way around the neck, trunk or any extremity.
ContractureA tightening of tissue between two joints, caused by “shrinkage” of scar tissue. The result is reduced joint movement and function.
DebridementRemoval of dead tissue from the wound surface, either in surgery or in the tub room.
DermisThe second (deeper) layer of the skin.
Donor SiteThe place on the patient from which unburned skin is taken for grafting.
EdemaSwelling caused by the collection of fluid in the tissues.
EpidermisOutermost layer of the skin.
EscharThe dead tissues on the surface of the wound which must be removed for healing to occur and for prevention of infection.
Full Thickness BurnA burn which cannot readily heal by itself because all layers of the skin have been destroyed. These areas are usually grafted. (Often referred to as third degree burn.)
GraftNon-burned skin which is placed on the burn wound. These can be homografts, autografts, or heterografts.
Granulation TissueA specialized tissue created by the body as a defense against invading bacteria, exceedingly rich in tiny blood vessels; provides a base of support for skin grafts.
PM Dressing ChangesGentle cleansing of the burn wound. The nurse will reapply topical creams/onitments and dressings on the burn. Child will be given pain medication for the dressing change.
OTOccupational Therapy – evaluation and treatment which addresses functional outcome and activities of daily living.
PTPhysical Therapy – evaluation and treatment to provide hydrotherapy (tubbing) and address mobility and prevent contractures.
Partial Thickness BurnA burn in which the damage does not extend through the entire thickness of the skin (dermis). Enough of the deeper layers remain to permit spontaneous healing of skin with time (often referred to as second degree burn).
Percent of BurnMeasurement of body surfaced injured.
Pressure GarmentResembles long underwear and puts pressure on skin grafts and healed burns to prevent thickening or scarring of these areas.
Skin GraftUsing a piece of skin from another part of the body to repair a deep burn wound.
Superficial BurnOften referred to as a “first degree burn.” Affects superficial layer of skin tissue (epidermis). Initially appears red, swollen, and painful (i.e. sunburn). Heals spontaneously.
Tub RoomA room in our hospital for burn wounds to be washed in a very clean setting.
XeroformA yellow gauze dressing applied to wounds that are nearly healed.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.

Reviewed: 04/07

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