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Potassium

Potassium is a mineral found in many foods that you eat. It plays a role in keeping your heartbeat regular and your muscles working right. If your blood levels of potassium become too high or low you may have weakness, irregular heartbeats or numbness. If your blood levels of potassium need to be adjusted your doctor will tell you if you need to follow a high potassium diet or a low potassium diet.

High Potassium Diet

You are advised by your doctor to consume more foods with potassium. Try to eat more food in the “HIGH” potassium content column.

Tips for HIGH Potassium Diet:  

  • Try making smoothies using fruit, fruit juice, milk, yogurt or ice cream

Low Potassium Diet

You are advised by your doctor to consume less food with potassium. Try to eat less food in the “HIGH” potassium content column.

Tips for LOW Potassium Diet:  

  • Substitute rice or noodles for potatoes
  • Apple, cranberry and grape juice are low potassium choices
  • Potassium can be leached out of vegetables by soaking them in water for 4-6 hours, draining, and then cooking in fresh water
  • There are many reasons why you should not use tobacco. Chewing tobacco is high in potassium and should be avoided.

Potassium Content of Foods

(Portion sizes – 1/2 cup)

Most fruits, juices and vegetables are high in potassium, especially when eaten raw. Use this list as a guide to your food choices. Be sure to monitor your portion sizes, especially if you are on a low potassium diet.

Low (0-100 mg)Medium (101-200 mg)High (>201 mg)
Fruits
  • applesauce
  • blueberries
  • cranberries
  • cranberry juice
  • grape juice
  • lemon
  • papaya nectar
  • peach nectar
  • canned pears
  • pear nectar
Fruits
  • apples
  • apple juice
  • apricot nectar
  • blackberries
  • cherries
  • canned figs
  • fruit cocktail
  • grapes
  • grapefruit
  • lemon juice
  • mango papaya
  • peaches
  • pineapple
  • plums
  • raisins (2 Tbsp.)
  • raspberries
  • rhubarb
  • strawberries
  • tangerines
  • watermelon
Fruits
  • apricots
  • avocado
  • bananas
  • cantaloupe
  • dates
  • dried figs
  • grapefruit juice
  • honeydew melon
  • kiwi
  • nectarines
  • oranges
  • orange juice
  • fresh pears
  • prunes
  • prune juice
Vegetables
  • alfalfa sprouts
  • bamboo shoots
  • green or wax beans
  • bean sprouts
  • raw cabbage
  • cucumber
  • lettuce
  • peppers
  • water chestnuts
  • watercress
Vegetables
  • artichoke
  • broccoli
  • cooked cabbage
  • carrots
  • cauliflower
  • celery
  • greens (collard, mustard)
  • corn
  • eggplant
  • mushrooms
  • onions
  • green peas
  • radishes
  • summer squash
  • turnips (& greens)
Vegetables
  • asparagus
  • beets (& greens)
  • baked beans
  • dried beans & peas
  • brussel sprouts
  • butter beans
  • okra
  • potatoes
  • hash browns
  • french fries & chips
  • sweet potatoes (yams)
  • pumpkin
  • tomatoes (& juice)
  • tomato products (paste, puree, spaghetti sauce)
  • vegetable juice (V-8)
  • spinach
  • winter squash
Miscellaneous
  • 100% bran cereals
  • molasses
  • chocolate
  • salt substitutes (NoSalt®)
  • lite salt (SaltSense t®))
  • dairy products
  • buttermilk
  • nuts
  

Disclaimer:This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.

Reviewed: 08/06

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