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Topic Index

Anatomy of the Newborn Skull

Overview of Craniofacial Anomalies

The Craniofacial Team

Cleft Lip / Cleft Palate

Craniosynostosis

Deformational Plagiocephaly

Hemifacial Microsomia

Vascular Malformations and Hemangiomas

Glossary

The word craniofacial is derived from the word cranio, referring to the skull or cranium, and facial, referring to the face. Anomaly is a medical term meaning irregularity or different from normal." Craniofacial anomalies (CFAs) are a group of deformities involving the growth of the head and facial bones. These anomalies are congenital, or present at birth, and vary in type and severity.

Picture of a physician and nurse reviewing a patient

Experts agree that many factors contribute to the development of CFAs. Some CFAs are a result of genetic mutations, meaning that multiple genes are inherited from both parents. Other CFAs may be a result of environmental factors, which scientists do not completely understand.

Research studies continue to focus on the normal gene and how a genetic mutation results in different anomalies. New methods of gene therapy are currently being developed.

Over the past several years, plastic and craniofacial surgeons have developed new surgical techniques and interventions for the care of the child with a CFA. Children with CFAs often have multiple problems that require the expertise of a multidisciplinary team. The multidisciplinary team provides for the medical, physical, and psychosocial needs of the child and the family.

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Página Principal - Anomalías Craneofaciales
Children's Plastic Surgery
George Hoerr, MD
Jesus Inciong, MD
Magee - Rosenblum Plastic Surgery
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William Magee Jr., MD
Richard Rosenblum, MD

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.