Jump to:  A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y

Antibiotics Still Misused in Babies With Viral Lung Infections

Antibiotics Still Misused in Babies With Viral Lung Infections

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. emergency rooms routinely prescribe antibiotics to babies with the common viral lung infection bronchiolitis, counter to recommendations issued more than a decade ago, a new study finds.

Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization for U.S. babies in their first year of life. In bronchiolitis, the lung's small airways (bronchioles) become inflamed and congested, typically due to a virus. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses.

A 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics (APA) guideline recommended against antibiotics for bronchiolitis in children without a documented bacterial infection.

An analysis of emergency department visits between 2007 and 2015 found that about 25 percent of children under age 2 with bronchiolitis were prescribed antibiotics, similar to the rate before the APA guideline.

Of babies given antibiotics for bronchiolitis during the study period, 70 percent had no documented bacterial infection, according to the study published Jan. 17 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

But antibiotics have drawbacks. Their side effects lead to about 70,000 emergency department visits among U.S. children each year, according to a previous study.

And misuse also contributes to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which can cause infections that are harder to treat, a growing public health threat.

"Targeted interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing among clinicians are essential," study senior author Dr. Brett Burstein said in a journal news release.

"But at the same time, informing the lay public about the potential downstream consequences and why it is important not to overtreat viral conditions are equally important," he added.

Burstein is an assistant professor of emergency medicine at McGill University Health Center in Montreal, Canada.

The study also found that kids with bronchiolitis who were seen at emergency departments not located in teaching hospitals or pediatric hospitals were more likely to be prescribed antibiotics.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on bronchiolitis.

SOURCE: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, news release, Jan. 17, 2019

Reviewed Date: --

Find a pediatrician
Infectious Disease
Dr. Kenji Cunnion
Dr. Randall Fisher
Dr. Laura Sass
Pulmonology
Dr. Frank Chocano
Dr. Cynthia Epstein
Dr. Lori Vanscoy
Health Tips
Helping Kids Get Over their Fears
How Old Is "Old Enough" for Contacts?
Treating Minor Injuries in Children
Diseases & Conditions
Acute Respiratory Disorders
Anatomy of a Child's Brain
Anatomy of the Endocrine System in Children
Anxiety Disorders in Children
Asthma in Children Index
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) in Children
Bites and Stings
Bone Marrow Transplant for Children
Brain Tumors in Children
Chemotherapy for Children: Side Effects
Ewing Sarcoma in Children
Eye Safety and First Aid
Firearms
First Aid for Poisonings in a Child
First Aid for the Eyes
Hepatitis B (HBV) in Children
Home Page - Burns
Inflammatory and Infectious Musculoskeletal Disorders
Inflammatory and Infectious Neurological Disorders
Inguinal Hernia in Children
Insect Bites and Children
Insect Stings in Children
Kidney Transplantation in Children
Meningitis in Children
Minor Injuries Overview
Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) in Children
Osteosarcoma (Osteogenic Sarcoma) in Children
Pediatric Blood Disorders
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children
Preparing the School-Aged Child for Surgery
Schizophrenia in Children
School-Aged Child Nutrition
Sports Safety for Children
Superficial Injuries of the Face and Head- Overview
Television and Children
Thalassemia
The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds
The Heart
The Kidneys
Tick Bite Diseases
Treatment for Human Bites
Upper Respiratory Disorders
Your Child's Asthma
Your Child's Asthma: Flare-ups

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.