Jump to:  A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y

Endometriosis Risk Can Be Predicted in Young Girls: Study

Endometriosis Risk Can Be Predicted in Young Girls: Study

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Taller and thinner girls are more likely to develop the often painful condition known as endometriosis, according to the results of a six-decade study.

The findings could lead to earlier detection and treatment of the common gynecological disease, the researchers said.

In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like the lining of the uterus grows in locations outside it. It can affect a woman's quality of life and ability to have children. Evidence suggests it can also increase the risk of other chronic illnesses, including heart disease and gynecological cancers.

The 66-year study included more than 171,000 girls born in Denmark between 1930 and 1996. Their height and weight were checked at ages 7 to 13. Follow-up started in 1977 or when the girls reached age 15, whichever came later, and it ended if endometriosis was diagnosed or in June 2017, whichever came first.

More than 2,100 study participants were diagnosed with endometriosis, according to the report published March 9 in the journal Annals of Human Biology.

The researchers found that women with a higher body mass index (BMI) in childhood had a lower risk of endometriosis, while taller girls had an increased risk. BMI is an estimate of body fat based on height and weight.

For example, a 5-pound difference between two 7-year-old girls was associated with an 8% higher risk of endometriosis developing in the lighter girl. A 2-inch height advantage was associated with an increased risk of about 9%, the findings showed.

Being tall and lean are more likely due to biological influences, such as increased levels of estrogen, than to socioeconomic ones, the study authors noted.

According to lead study author Julie Aarestrup, a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Clinical Research and Prevention in Denmark, and her colleagues, the findings show that some risk for endometriosis can be detected at a young age.

"A critical time window during which the disease develops is often missed, with women often experiencing diagnostic delays of several years," Aarestrup said in a journal news release.

"Our findings suggest that indicators of risk can be picked up at an earlier age, which might help speed up diagnosis so treatment can be started to slow the growth of endometrial tissue," she added.

About 176 million women worldwide have endometriosis, but little is known about the cause. The few known risk factors include menstruation starting at an early age, shorter menstrual cycles and a family history of the disease.

More information

The U.S. Office on Women's Health has more about endometriosis.

SOURCE: Annals of Human Biology, news release, March 9, 2020

Reviewed Date: --

This content was reviewed by Mid-Atlantic Womens Care, PLC. Please visit their site to find an Mid-Atlantic Womens Care obstetrician.

Find a pediatrician
Helpful Information
Mid-Atlantic Womens's Care
Childrens Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Dr. James Bennett
Dr. J. Marc Cardelia
Dr. Bettina Gyr
Dr. Cara Novick
Dr. Carl St. Remy
Dr. Allison Tenfelde
Sports Medicine
Dr. Joel Brenner
Dr. Aisha Joyce
Dr. Micah Lamb
Dr. David Smith
Health Tips
Is It Time for Toilet Training?
Reading to Kids Helps Their Development
Sports and Music: Both Good for Kids
Weight Room No Longer Off-Limits to Kids
Quizzes
Child Development Quiz
Teen Health Quiz
NewsLetters
Homework Help: For Parents
Why Well-Woman Visits Are Important—And What to Ask
Diseases & Conditions
Adolescent (13 to 18 Years)
Amenorrhea in Teens
Anxiety Disorders in Children
Breast Conditions in Young Women
Discipline
Ewing Sarcoma in Children
Female Growth and Development
Gynecological and Menstrual Conditions
High Blood Pressure in Children and Teens
Home Page - Adolescent Medicine
Major Depression in Teens
Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea) in Teens
Menstrual Disorders
Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Oral Health
Osteosarcoma (Osteogenic Sarcoma) in Children
Overview of Adolescent Health Problems
Pap Test for Adolescents
Schizophrenia in Children
Teens and Diabetes Mellitus
The Growing Child- Teenager (13 to 18 Years)
The Growing Child: 1 to 3 Months
The Growing Child: 10 to 12 Months
The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds
The Growing Child: 4 to 6 Months
The Growing Child: 7 to 9 Months
The Growing Child: Newborn
The Growing Child: Preschool (4 to 5 Years)
The Growing Child: School-Age (6 to 12 Years)
Your Child's Asthma

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.