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Eat This, Not That to Manage Your Chronic Disease

September 2019

Eat This, Not That to Manage Your Chronic Disease

Eating a healthy diet helps you take charge of your health when you have a chronic condition. The food choices you make can have a huge effect on how you feel, for better or worse.

Grilled salmon and a salad on a plate

If you have … diabetes

Go for spinach and other dark green, leafy vegetables. They’re low in carbohydrates and calories and loaded with vitamins and minerals.

Don’t eat too many potatoes and other starchy vegetables. They digest into glucose and make your blood sugar level shoot up.

If you have … high blood pressure

Go for halibut and tuna. These fish are rich in potassium, a mineral that helps manage your blood pressure. It’s recommended that adults with readings above 120/80 mmHg increase the potassium in their diet.

Don’t eat bacon and other processed meats, which are typically high in sodium. Having too much sodium in your body pulls water into your blood vessels. This in turn raises your blood pressure.  

If you have … Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis

Go for low-fiber fruit such as bananas. According to a study published in Digestive Diseases and Sciences, bananas, rice, and yogurt improve symptoms more often than most other foods. 

Don’t have high-fiber foods like broccoli and cauliflower, which may trigger symptoms. Spicy foods, sugary treats, greasy cuisine, and alcoholic or caffeinated beverages can also irritate the digestive tract.

If you have … asthma

Go for eggs, salmon, and orange juice for their high value of vitamin D. According to the American Lung Association, vitamin D boosts the immune system and helps reduce airway inflammation.

Stay away from carbonated drinks, which cause gas or bloating. These may lead to chest tightness and could trigger a flare-up.

Talk with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian/nutritionist if you have any questions about food choices related to your condition. And for those with a chronic condition such as diabetes or asthma, you should see your provider to get screenings, review medicines, and get counseling about your weight, activity, and diet.


Reviewed Date: 06-01-2019

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Health Tips
High Blood Pressure: Kids Can Have It, Too
Lifestyle Changes Can Help Kids Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Avocado Tacos / Tacos de aguacate
Beef or Turkey Stew / Carne de res o de pavo guisada
Caribbean Red Snapper / Pargo rojo caribeño
Rice with Chicken, Spanish Style / Arroz con pollo
Spanish Omelet / Tortilla española
Tropical Fruits Fantasia/ Fantasía de frutas tropicales
Two Cheese Pizza / Pizza de dos quesos
Asthma Awareness Quiz
Asthma in Children Quiz
Asthma Knowledge Quiz
Asthma Quick-Relief Medicine Quiz
Asthma Triggers Quiz
Childhood Asthma Quiz
Diabetes: Test Your Knowledge
Prevention Guidelines for Men 18 to 39
Prevention Guidelines for Women 18 to 39
Prevention Guidelines for Women 40-49
Prevention Guidelines for Women 50-64
Prevention Guidelines for Women 65+
3 Ways to Stay On Track With Your Blood Pressure Medicine
5 Differences to Know About Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Carbs Count When Managing Diabetes
Crohn’s Disease: Not a ‘One-Size-Fits-All’ Condition
Get Moving to Control Your Blood Sugar
Is It Just a Cough—Or Childhood Asthma?
Prediabetes on the Rise in Teenagers
Strategies for Heading Off Heart Attacks
The New Battle of the Sexes: Diabetes Strikes Men and Women Differently
Weight-Loss Surgery Is a Helpful Tool, Not the Whole Toolbox
When a Chronic Disease Runs in Your Family
When You're Diagnosed With Both Asthma and COPD
Diseases & Conditions
Asthma in Children
Asthma in Children Index
Asthma Triggers
Chronic Hypertension and Pregnancy
Chronic Respiratory Disorders
Crohn's Disease in Children
Diabetes During Pregnancy
Diet and Diabetes
High Blood Pressure in Children and Teens
Home Page - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Overview of Diabetes Mellitus
Pregnancy and Medical Conditions
Teens and Diabetes Mellitus
Topic Index - Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children
Type 2 Diabetes in Children
Ulcerative Colitis in Children
Your Child's Asthma
Your Child's Asthma: Avoiding Triggers
Your Child's Asthma: Flare-ups
Your Child's Asthma: How Severe Is It?
Your Child's Asthma: Nebulizer Treatments
Your Child's Asthma: Peak Flow Meters, Oximeters, and Spirometers

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.