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CPR for an Adult (Over 8 years)

(757) 668-7000

CPR For An Adult
(Over 8 Years)


CPR: stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is made up of 2 skills:

  • Providing compressions
  • Giving breaths

When a person’s heart stops suddenly, providing CPR can improve the chances of survival.

Automated External Defibrillator (AED): stands for automated external defibrillator. It is a machine that can deliver a shock to allow the heart work properly.

A person who is responsive: will move, speak, blink or react in some way when you tap him and ask if he is OK.

A person who is unresponsive: is not breathing and does nothing when you tap him and ask if he is OK.

When you find an adult who may have had a cardiac arrest, take the following steps:

  • Make sure the scene is safe.
  • Tap and shout, “Are you okay?” to see if he/she responds.

CALL 9-1-1 and GET AN AED:

  1. Yell for help. If help is available, tell them to call 9-1-1 first, and look for an AED.
  2. If you are alone, call 9-1-1. Get an AED if one is available and return quickly.
  3. As soon as the AED arrives, turn on the AED and follow the prompts.


  1. Turn the person onto his/her back and place him/her on a flat, hard surface.
  2. Check for breathing : No response + no breathing or only gasping = Give CPR.


  1. Make sure the person is lying on their back on a firm, flat surface.
  2. Quickly move clothes out of the way.
  3. Put the heel of one hand in the middle of chest. Put your other hand on top of the first hand.
  4. Push straight down (at least 2 inches).
  5. Push hard and fast (at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute). Count out loud.
  6. Let the chest come back up to its normal position after each compression.


*If you do not have a mask or barrier device, keep giving chest compressions.

  1. Put 1 hand on forehead, and the fingers of your other hand on/under the chin.
  2. Tilt the head back and lift the chin.
  3. Pinch the nose shut.
  4. Give 2 breaths (blow for 1 second each). Watch for the chest to rise as you give each breath.


  • If an AED is brought to you, turn it on and follow the prompts.
  • If you do not have an AED, keep giving chest compressions.
  • If someone else knows CPR, you can take turns giving compressions.
  1. Kneel on opposite sides of the person and switch about every 2 minutes or when you get tired. 
  2. When it is the other person’s turn, check the depth, speed and technique of his/her compressions.
  3. Do not stop CPR until the person responds or someone with advanced skills arrives.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute or replace the professional medical advice you receive from your child's physician. The content provided on this page is for informational purposes only, and was not designed to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult your child's physician with any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition.

Reviewed: 10/2017

(757) 668-7000